Rosacea and Redness Newport Beach
Rosacea is a common skin disease. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people. The redness can slowly spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be red all the time. However, for many people, rosacea can cause more than redness. There are four main subtypes of rosacea:
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
- Phymatous rosacea: Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture.
- Ocular rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and person may have what looks like a sty.
Those with erythematotelangiectatic or flushing rosacea may have flushing and redness in the center of the face and visible broken blood vessels (spider veins). They may have swollen, sensitive skin that can sting and burn. Others complain of dryness, roughness or scaling of the skin. Most have a tendency to flush or blush more easily than other people, particularly in response to triggers – stress, embarrassment, alcohol, caffeine, UV light, spicy food, etc.
Those with papulopustular rosacea have acne-like breakouts in addition to redness and broken blood vessels.
Phymatous rosacea is rare, but when it does occur, it can be disfiguring. The skin begins to thicken, especially over the nose. The chin, forehead, cheeks, and ears may also be affected. Pores look large and the skin is often very oily.
Some people get rosacea in their eyes. These people may complain that their eyes have a watery or bloodshot appearance. Often their eyes also burn, sting, or itch. They may complain of dry eye or a gritty feeling in their eye and may be more sensitive to light or have blurry vision. Ocular rosacea is often misdiagnosed as an eye infection or seasonal allergies.
Rosacea can affect more than the skin and eyes. Because rosacea is a chronic (long-lasting) skin disease, it can reduce a person’s quality of life. Though there is no cure for rosacea, treatment can control the symptoms and prevent it from getting worse. To get the best results, people with rosacea also should learn what triggers their rosacea, try to avoid these triggers, and follow a rosacea skin-care plan. All patients with rosacea must practice good sun avoidance and wear daily sunscreen. Further treatment depends on the subtype of rosacea and can include oral or topical medications, lasers, and office surgeries for those with thickened skin.